Edward de Bono has had faculty appointments at the universities of Oxford,. London concept of lateral thinking and developed formal techniques for deliberate. Edward de Bono’s efforts as an advocate for lateral thinking and creative thinking as an essential skill for creativity and innovation have not gone without criticism. Robert Weisberg, a cognitive psychologist, argues that there is insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of. Dr Edward de Bono originated the concept of Lateral Thinking, defining it as a Complimenting the use of logical (vertical) thinking, Lateral Thinking can be.
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Dr. Edward de Bono. ▫ Traditional Thinking. ▫ What is Parallel Thinking? ▫ Traditional Thinking vs. Parallel Thinking. ▫ What is Lateral Thinking? ▫ Introduction. See discussions, stats, and author proﬁles for this publication at: https://www. gonddetheppolad.ga Creative and Lateral. EDWARD DE BONO'S LATERAL THINKING. 1. Edward de Bono's Edward de Bono is often considered the godfather of creative thinking. (Lewis,
All Rights Reserved. Please note that the pagination of the online version will vary from the pagination of the print book. SAGE SAGE Reference [Page iv] Edward de Bono is renowned for his criticism of logical, linear, and critical thinking and for his range of thinking techniques to facilitate potential creative abilities that emphasize thinking as a learnable skill and deliberate act.
He originated the concepts of lateral thinking literally sideways thinking and parallel thinking to distinguish the many techniques for deliberative creative thinking that he has developed from what he considers to be normal perceptions regarding creativity and innovation. De Bono draws attention to traditional critical thinking as a judgmental and adversarial process and compares it with parallel thinking, which he claims emphasizes cooperative and coordinated thinking.
In practice, each interlocutor takes a different position and points out contradictions to attack the other position in order to prove the other side wrong and, consequently, force a judgment. He does not deny a place for the Socratic method but rather argues that it has deep-seated inadequacies no longer able to deal with the kind of radical change that has become a feature of the modern world.
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It is not so much the search for truth that is required for the increasing complexity of contemporary societies but the development of creative and more effective approaches to problem solving. His most notable technique, lateral thinking, aims at restructuring thought patterns from which new combinations can arise.
De Bono assumes that lateral thinking is the basis of insight and creativity because it is for changing concepts and perceptions and, therefore, is most effective prior to the use of traditional methods of vertical or logical thinking.
Its value lies especially in problem solving since it generates alternatives, challenges previously held assumptions, and develops innovative thinking. He argues that thinking can be more effective through direct teaching of thinking as a skill rather than through resisting habitual thinking patterns.
In doing so, de Bono makes a distinction between thinking and intelligence and places emphasis on the development of metacognitive thinking skills. The latter can function only when there is something to react against; it does nothing to produce proposals. Deliberate creative thinking, on the other hand, focuses attention on what he calls mapmaking—a type of thinking that requires a certain detachment.
It uses strategies, called attention-directing tools or devices for generating ideas, to direct the attention of students to aspects of situations that might have otherwise been neglected before they make decisions. Ideas as to why this happened and solutions to repair the production line must be thought of, such as giving the worker a pay raise.
Creative Problem Solving Using creativity , one must solve a problem in an indirect and unconventional manner. For example, if a production line produced books per hour, creative problem solving could find ways to produce more books per hour, use the production line, or reduce the cost to run the production line.
Lateral Problem "Solving" Lateral thinking will often produce solutions whereby the problem appears as "obvious" in hindsight.
That lateral thinking will often lead to problems that you never knew you had, or it will solve simple problems that have a huge potential.
For example, if a production line produced books per hour, lateral thinking may suggest that a drop in output to would lead to higher quality, and more motivated workers. Lateral thinking "puzzles" These are puzzles that are supposed to demonstrate what lateral thinking is about.
However, any puzzle that has only one solution is "not" lateral. While lateral thinking may help you construct such puzzles, the lateral thinking tools will seldom help you solve puzzles. It strikes me as interesting that ever since Ben Franklin took a break from flying kites in lightening storms to tell unschooled humanity that "time is money", business books have ignored the implications of that.
Instead of writing brief and concise books to be used, constructed as practical handbooks, there seems to be a tendency to pad them out as if length was equal to utility. The worst offender to my mind for this is the thoroughly uncontroversial The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People which could be boiled down to one page of text, maybe as many as a dozen they could be laminated and sold in a special wallet, I've thought about this if you really wanted to go into a lot of detail about each habit, but which is then swelled out to over three hundred pages with tales of how his wife unfailingly preferred a certain brand of white goods and the difficulties one of his sons had learning to play baseball.
I suppose since Covey sold millions of copies and died a wealthy man following on from a bicycle accident he certainly understood his target audience. There's something of the same going on de Bono's book with bullet points.
Eduard de Bono - Lateral Thinking
I've always taken the bullet point as a thing of terrible beauty. Not so de Bono.
For him the bullet point is a full paragraph of normal text preceded by a big black circle. Well, it would be a dull world if we all thought alike.
OK so what's it all about. De Bono tells us that we tend to think in patterns, in particular patterns of what he calls vertical thinking or traditional logical thinking, proceeding from one rung to the next.
With this approach if we can't move to the next rung - we have a problem.
These can be resolved by supplementing vertical thinking with lateral thinking which by escaping logic can allow you to move round a problem in search of solutions. The most well known of lateral thinking techniques is brainstorming.
De Bono's strength that he addresses this to a audience who he assumes are unfamiliar with the idea. Therefore he provides the transcript of a session, explains that it is important just to record ideas and not at first evaluate them and suggests way of keeping up the flow of ideas such as introducing random words as inspiration or asking people to write down ideas for five minutes and then to ask them to write down ideas for another five minutes and so on.Edward de Bono: There are thousands of schools and organizations using my techniques and it would be impossible to monitor all these programmes.
Some of the techniques used in CoRT are as follows: Some time ago the coach of the Australian cricket team, John Buchanan, invited me to give a lateral thinking seminar to his team and his management.
Edward de Bono: The applications certainly have been wide. He does not deny a place for the Socratic method but rather argues that it has deep-seated inadequacies no longer able to deal with the kind of radical change that has become a feature of the modern world.
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